What to consider when buying a DSLR camera ?? What to look for when buying a digital camera?? These are some of the question responsible for the writing this blog on DSLR buying guide India.
It is not like there is no decent blog on DSLR buying guide India. It’s just that almost all of them are from the perspective of an octogenarian having spent 40 years in the field of photography.
What is DSLR camera??
In layman term, DSLR stands for “Digital Single Lens Reflex”. That means a DSLR is a digital camera that uses a mirror mechanism to either reflect light from a camera lens to an optical viewfinder (which is an eyepiece on the back of the camera that one looks through to see what they are taking a picture of) or let light fully pass onto the image sensor (which captures the image) by moving the mirror out of the way. Compared to point-and-shoot and phone cameras, DSLR cameras typically use interchangeable lenses.
This article has been used as a reference in many of our blogs for, especially in this blog on DSLR buying guide India.
Also Read: Canon 80 D Review In India
How DSLR Cameras Work
Now although the detailed explanation of this question requires me to be a borderline rocket scientist (and believe me that is not going to be good for our readers!!). therefore, I am going to limit to simple English. This is what exactly this blog DSLR buying guide India plans to do.
But why is this important? OK, when you first learned how to drive a car, did you sat on the driver seat without knowing how the clutch/accelerator works? Huh!!
Usually, when you look through a DSLR viewfinder/eyepiece on the back of the camera, whatever you see is passed through the lens attached to the camera, which means that you could be looking at exactly what you are going to capture.
Light from the scene you are attempting to capture passes through the lens into a reflex mirror that sits at a 45-degree angle inside the camera chamber, which then forwards the light vertically to an optical element called a “pentaprism”. The pentaprism then converts the vertical light to horizontal by redirecting the light through two separate mirrors, right into the viewfinder.
While compiling this blog on DSLR buying guide India we learnt that, when you take a picture, the reflex mirror swings upwards, blocking the vertical pathway and letting the light directly through. Then, the shutter opens up, and the light reaches the image sensor.
The shutter remains open for as long as needed for the image sensor to record the image. The shutter closes, and the reflex mirror drops back to the 45-degree angle to continue redirecting the light into the viewfinder.
Also Read: Canon-eos-200D ii Best Review
Obviously, the process doesn’t stop there. Next, a lot of complicated image processing happens on the camera. The camera processor takes the information from the image sensor, converts it into an appropriate format, then writes it into a memory card. The whole process takes very little time and some professional DSLRs can do this 11+ times in one second!
The above is a very simple way to explain how DSLR cameras work. If you like you can go through this article for more details.
While compiling this topic, this blog on DSLR buying guide India you get a lot more information by reading this great article at Wikipedia.
Techniques for being a good photographer
Knowing three things, lights, lights and lights!!
The best camera needs to be lots of things all at once. It’s got to be easy to use, with intuitive controls and helpful guide modes that help novices get to grips with the basics. But it also has to give new photographers room to grow and develop their skills and creative ideas
Do not worry this blog on DSLR buying guide India would explain to you some of the critical elements in digital photography.
Digital photography, primarily is about light. Beautiful light creates beautiful photographs. Once you learn how to work with light and how to compose your images, you can start taking stunning photographs and your gear won’t matter that much.
Knowing your camera functionality and technique are the next things you should be familiar with. Though this blog on DSLR buying guide India is not at all about teaching you about all these techniques, but most people that shoot with point-and-shoot cameras don’t even know how to operate them!
They just put their cameras in “Auto” mode and don’t bother to figure out essential camera settings and modes. True, “Auto” modes are great, but if you look back at all your photos, do you think your camera produces great photographs every time you took a picture? I’m sure you don’t! There are several common reasons, which apply even to professional cameras:
- Bad Light
- Bad Subject
- Bad Composition
- Bad Technique
- No Creativity
You see this blog on DSLR buying guide in India not just answers the question of what to look for when buying a digital camera, it act like a bridge between what you think is perfect and what can be done to make things perfect, albeit with bit of push from our end.
Also Read: Canon EOS 77D Review
Things to know before buying DSLR camera
1. Sensor Size
This is possibly the most important feature of your camera, that is why you need to thoroughly understand this concept. It is also one of the most misunderstood of all the concepts.
Inside of every DSLR is an image sensor, which is what records the image you’re seeing through your viewfinder and sends it to your memory card. The bigger the sensor, the more information it can capture, and the clearer your pictures will be, especially when they’re magnified.
There is a large sensor size, which is known as “full frame.” Full frame sensors are the same size as 35mm film: 36mm x 24mm. This size will give you maximum clarity, and image quality, which is why full-frame DSLRs are quite expensive. Most entry-level cameras have crop sensors, which are of a smaller size.
There are a number of other sizes as well, but there is only one thing which matters: the bigger, the better. Of course, larger sensors are also more expensive, so you’ll need to decide how much you’re willing to spend to get superior image quality. Most entry-level DSLRs will have micro four thirds or APS-C, and both of these provide a good balance between price and image quality
2. Megapixel resolution
Megapixels are one of the most common ways of advertising the quality of DSLR cameras, especially relatively low-end DSLR cameras aimed at the mass market likes the ones in typical smartphones.
Well. Megapixels work like this: Uncompressed image resolution has two fundamental measurements: horizontal and vertical resolution. In other words, if you take an image and begin counting pixels across or down from one corner, you can multiply those two figures to get the total number of pixels in the picture.
More pixels, in general, give you a higher resolution picture. That’s where megapixels come in. A megapixel is, literally, one million pixels in the final image.
To compute how many megapixels a camera produces, you simply multiply the horizontal and vertical resolutions of the sensor and divide the result by a million. A 1000×1000 image, for example, is one megapixel on the other hand 1920×1080 image is a little more than two megapixels. But a 4k model is more than eight megapixels.
We would like to state in this blog on DSLR buying guide India that, if you have anything at or above around seven megapixels, your prints will be sharp up to 14×11, which is quite a bit larger than most people print. And with even entry-level cameras packing over 15 megapixels now, you can start to see why megapixels are as much about marketing as they are image quality.
Do not worry we reached on this conclusion by talking to many of the experts, going through the mountain of material. You can read this article for more insights.
To be honest, any DSLR that you buy today will have more than enough megapixels. If two cameras are differentiated only by the number of megapixels they’re packing, you almost certainly won’t notice the difference. If you do see a difference, it’s likely due more to lens or sensor quality than the resolution.
In short, don’t worry about megapixels. You’ll be getting more than enough anyway.
3. Video Recording
If you think you might use your DSLR for video recording, you’re going to want to look at the video capabilities that your options provide. For example, some entry-level DSLR cameras can record in full HD 1080p, while others are limited to 720p or non-HD recording. Different recording frame rates are also available, with higher rates smoothing out motion better than lower rates.
One thing you need to remember is that depending on how many videos you think you’ll record, but it’s worth looking at, especially if you’re not sure if you’ll be recording videos or not. Even if you don’t plan to now, a camera with better video might come in handy in the future
Also Read: Sony A600 Review
4. Modes and editing features:
I believe you are already aware that all DSLRs come with a variety of modes, like Action, Night, Landscape, Portrait, and so on. But some entry-level cameras might also come with other modes that are unique to the brand or model, like Panorama, Scene Intelligent Auto, Food, or Guide, which will walk you through the use of the camera.
Of course, learning to shoot in aperture- or shutter-priority, or — even better — manual mode is the best way to go, but when you’re just getting started, having the camera help you out a bit with specific modes can be a big help. Take a look at the modes available on the cameras you’re comparing to see if there are any that stand out at you.
Probably this article could give you better insights. Off course this blog on DSLR buying guide India is not about explaining you every feature but giving you an overview.
5. You thought we will proceed without lens:
As you are already aware the vast majority of entry- and mid-level DSLR cameras are packaged with what’s called a “kit lens,” which is an 18–55mm (or thereabouts) zoom lens.
These lenses tend not to have the same quality glass or the same number of features as more expensive lenses, but they do the trick. However, if there’s a package deal where you can get a nicer 18–55mm lens, a 50mm prime lens, or even an extra telephoto lens, that can make a big difference in your purchase decision.
Read this article for more details It has been used as a reference in this blog of DSLR buying guide India.
6. Body Details
While most DSLRs, especially at the entry-level, will look and feel pretty much the same, there are some considerations that you may want to keep in mind. For example, some cameras include LCD viewscreens that are nicer than the screens included on cheaper models, which will give you a better place to review your photos.
Other have screens that can pop out of the back of the camera and rotate, which is helpful if you’re trying to take shots at unique angles. Sometimes they’ll include a touchscreen, which is often easier to navigate than using the small buttons on the back of the camera.
Some cameras are meant for people with smaller hands, and if you don’t fall into that demographic, you’ll find that the camera feels a bit cramped. Going with a larger-bodied camera will relieve some of the discomfort of this problem.
Most entry-level cameras will have polycarbonate bodies, which are quite light but also don’t feel as sturdy or nice as higher-level cameras. As you pay more, the quality of the camera body will increase, so if extra durability or a nicer feel is important, that’s something you may want to keep in mind.
7. Image Stabilization
Optical image stabilization helps eliminate blur from your photographs by physically shifting elements within the lenses. This is especially useful for long-zoom lenses which can be hard to hold steady. This tends to be the preferred method of DSLRs, although not all lenses are stabilized.
Sensor-shift stabilization (often called in-body image stabilization, or IBIS) physically moves the sensor in response to vibrations. This is the preferred stabilization method of mirrorless cameras. It typically performs very well and has the benefit of working with any lens.
Many of the content for DSLR in truepic.in have been taken from this article. This blog on DSLR buying guide India is no exception.
8. RAW vs JPEG
JPEG is the de facto standard for images pretty much everywhere. If you’ve ever looked at a picture on the internet, chances are it’s a JPEG. Most cameras shoot straight to JPEG by default, and for most people, that’s just fine.
Higher-end cameras, especially interchangeable lens models, offer the ability to shoot in RAW. RAW images record the full information from your camera’s sensor, without throwing any data away like JPEGs do. They won’t necessarily look better out of the camera, but they provide quite a bit more flexibility for anyone who wants to work with their images in post-production. Shadows can be brightened, highlights can be turned down, color balance can be changed completely — RAW opens up a new world of editing possibilities.
9. GPS and Wi-Fi
Wi-Fi is almost a must-have feature on a modern camera, given the prevalence of social media. If you want to be able to share your image straight to Instagram or Facebook without plugging your camera into your computer first, then don’t buy a camera that doesn’t have built-in Wi-Fi.
Most manufacturers include it in most models these days, and each has their own iOS or Android app for connecting the camera wirelessly to transfer images. The apps usually are basic, but they get the job done. In fact, for making this blog on DSLR buying guide India we ourselves
As for GPS, this isn’t an obvious necessity for most people. If you do a lot of traveling, GPS is nice for geotagging your pictures so you can easily know where each was taken. Not many cameras have the feature built in, but some manufacturers have optional GPS add-ons if you want to add the ability. Whether built-in or not, keep in mind that when GPS is active, your camera’s battery will drain significantly faster, so don’t use it when you don’t need it.
10. All the –proofing in the world
Here in this blog for DSLR buying guide India you will have your concept regarding this topic getting cleared. First off, let’s clear up some confusion: a camera that is weatherproof, rainproof, or splash-proof is not waterproof. A weatherproof camera implies that all the seams and buttons have been sealed to keep out rain, mist, and light splashes, but it won’t survive if submerged..
A waterproof camera, on the other hand, is designed to be taken underwater. If you shoot landscapes in the rain, you want weatherproofing. If you want to take pictures while snorkeling, you want waterproofing.
Also Read: Nikon D7500 Review India
Many high-end mirrorless and DSLR cameras are weatherproof, which makes them suitable for a wide range of outdoor photography. A little rain or snow won’t damage them, nor will the mist of a waterfall or the splash of a small wave over the bow of a boat.
Lower-end interchangeable lens cameras are usually not weather-sealed, however. Another thing to keep in mind: If your camera is weatherproof, but the lens is not, you could still be in trouble.
GRADES OF DSLR
Now this blog on DSLR buying guide India, is not going to provide you with any certification of photography! Duh..But we would like you to know what does a different level of expertise entails.
We just would like to show you how does every different level of expertise matter and can vary from one another. People who are new to this field are required to go through the below points. It would help you in the long run.
An entry-level DSLR, as the name suggests is the most affordable type of DSLR and typically stands to be either a photographer’s entry point into interchangeable-lens cameras, or can function equally as well as a backup camera for a working professional, or a traveling camera for an enthusiast.
The designation “entry-level” simply refers to a mixture of attributes and features that render the camera especially friendly to use and functional, as a good starting point. And from a novice it is a right equipment as something to progress from once a greater understanding of camera and exposure controls is understood.
The imaging quality of these cameras is by no means low/less professional, but rather the range of options for how to control the DSLR camera tends to lean more towards automated options. This DSLR camera has a variety of preset effects for achieving a certain look without the rigorous know-how needed if you were to use an entirely manual camera.
Entry-level DSLR cameras will most often feature an APS-C-sized sensor and polycarbonate construction, to make them compact and lightweight. Since its goal is to serve as an apt bridge from a point-and-shoot or similar camera, it is not alienating in its stature when compared to larger, professional-targeted models.
Other lean toward a more compact size include the incorporation of a pentamirror viewfinder, as opposed to a pentaprism, and a smaller array of physical dials and buttons on the top and rear plates of the body. This is still to say, though, that a DSLR’s main asset, aside from improved image quality and speed, is its range of configurability.
This regard is not lost on entry-level bodies, since all still include the ability to adjust exposure settings using program, aperture priority, shutter priority, and manual exposure modes, but complements these conventional modes with the inclusion of intelligent, automated shooting modes, creative-effect modes, scene modes, and panoramic modes.
These intuitive auto and creative modes strive to lessen the burden of post-production and increase the efficiency of producing a share-worthy image directly in-camera. Additionally, many entry-level DSLRs also feature guide modes to help familiarize oneself with all of the controls and settings of a DSLR for a greater understanding of exactly how to produce specific types of imagery.
Next in line, of this blog on DSLR buying guide in India, is the expansive “intermediate” category, which encompasses the greatest number of DSLR cameras, ranging between entry and professional levels.
Also Read: Nikon D3500 Reveiw
This is one of the most constantly expanding regions of camera technologies and is often the range of cameras in which the forefront of evolution begins, such as in the case of the Canon EOS 70D, which offers redefined autofocus technology along with an enhanced feature set, compared to its predecessor.
Intermediate DSLR camera can feature either APS-C or full-frame sensors and typically utilize some blend of both polycarbonate and alloy to produce a body design that is compact, lightweight, and durable.
Intermediate DSLR stand as a common growing point for someone looking to upgrade from their first DSLR and, just like entry-level DSLRs, are valuable backup options for working shooters who need more than one body.
Intermediate DSLR camera will often combine both a structure of automatic shooting options and creative modes along with an expanded set of manual controls, allowing the user to shoot in his or her preferred manner or skew the camera’s settings based on specific shooting situations.
Faster AF performance, a more accurate exposure-metering system, and a larger buffer along with a quickened continuous shooting rate, are also all features that begin to become more prominent when upgrading to the intermediate line of DSLR camera.
Each of these technical improvements leads to greater honing of one’s own personal visions, whether it be sports and nature shooting or portraiture and still life; intermediate DSLRs become the beginning point at which photographers can pair a camera more to their own personal traits, and often each brand will offer several viable options that all meet individual criteria.
Video recording is also upgraded in this realm of cameras, with most of them supporting full HD 1080i or 1080p recording with the ability to manually control exposure and audio settings while recording. They commonly feature connectivity for an external microphone to enhance audio for video and also have hot shoes for adding lights, flashes, or other mounted accessories.
Now coming to the most coveted section of this blog on DSLR buying guide India.
Professional-grade DSLR cameras are typically the flagship camera of a company and are known to represent the highest quality in regard to physical build, manual control, image quality, sensitivity, and speed. This is the reason why they dig the deepest hole in your pocket!
Typically featuring full-frame-sized image sensors and top-of-the-line image processors, professional DSLRs separate themselves most simply in regard to attaining the most detail and clarity when shooting both still photographs and video.
However, a number of APS-C cameras can still be considered professional grade, such as the Nikon D7100, which employs a fast continuous-shooting rate along with an advanced autofocus system that benefits from the crop-sensor format to render it as a prized camera for sports and wildlife photography.
When moving up to a professional DSLR, photographers are typically familiar with exactly what they need from a camera and understand the controls they need in order to accomplish a specific purpose.
Full manual control to the utmost regard is a standard feature in professional DSLRs, with the ability to fine-tune focus-point selections, exposure compensation and bracketing settings, and manage a range of video frame rates and continuous-shooting speeds.
Also Read: Canon EOS 77D Review
Professional DSLRs tend to be split into two main categories, the speed and low-light category and the high-resolution category. These two categories fit the working photojournalist, sports, or reportage shooter, or the art, commercial, or portraiture shooter, respectively.
At this level, the ability to pair a camera to one’s own shooting needs is more important than having an all-around solution that cannot perform at the highest level in one’s chosen area.
For some, the benefits of having a full-resolution 18MP continuous shooting rate of 12 fps far outweigh the ability to produce 16 x 24″ prints at 300dpi directly from the camera.
With this we have reached the end of the blog on DSLR buying guide in India. I hope you have tremendously enjoyed reading this blog.